Adrian Shine is a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society.
The Rival III echo sounder chart of a multi-legged monster from 1951 was faked.
The word glen means steep-sided valley.
The Discovery Loch Ness documentary showed a sonar trace of a diver swimming under its boat in order to demonstrate to its viewers what a man-sized animal would look like on sonar. What a shame that Discovery failed to mention that sonar reflects differences in density so that 75% of the echo was from the air tank on the diver's back ... a further 15% was from the air bubbles he was breathing out ... 5% was from the air trapped in the dry suit so only 5% came from the diver's lungs (all percentages are rough estimates). In order to provide a contact as strong as that shown by Discovery, the animal would have had to have been twenty times larger than a man. What is really sad is that it took an amateur to spot such a glaringly inaccurate piece of evidence. Such amazing science from the Discovery channel! More recently the President of the Loch Ness Monster Fan Club, Gary Campbell, made a similar error.
Core samples have been taken which have reached the glacial clays.
During the last advance of ice Loch Ness may not have been a solid block, but would certainly have contained a substantial glacier.
For a long time it was thought that seawater must have entered the loch after the last ice age and that was how Nessie got in. Unfortunately this convenient theory (one I used to champion) has been quashed by the fact that there are no marine diatoms in the loch's sediments so there was never a saltwater incursion after the ice age.
Because the only way into the loch for any aquatic creature would have been from the sea after the last ice age via the River Ness, it is now known that the monster, if there is one, could not be an invertebrate or amphibian because neither of those could make the sudden transition from salt to fresh water.
If the monster were a mammal the intensive surface surveillance would have solved the mystery in the sixties because mammals breath air and must surface regularly.
The low ambient temperature of Loch Ness rules out cold-blooded reptiles as the identity of the monster. Warm-blooded reptiles, if they existed at all, would have needed to surface as regularly as mammals and the identity would have been solved long ago.
What does that leave? Either fish or paranormal occurrences!
Ben is the word for mountain, i.e. Ben Wyvis or Ben Nevis etc.
John Murray carried out the first bathymetrical survey of Loch Ness in 1901.
Adrian Shine called his forty foot inflatable catamaran, designed for silent drift sonar patrols, John Murray. It operated during 1981 and its results inspired future work aboard the Phyllis and shore base stations right up until Operation Deepscan.
After Operation Deepscan the project used a vessel called Ecos and then one called Deepscan which also runs boat trips in the tourist season.
Tim Dinsdale was aboard the Goodyear airship during the expedition in 1982 in conjunction with the Loch Ness Project in order to determine how far into the loch someone could see looking vertically from an air ship. Less than twelve feet was the disappointing, but predictable answer.
Underwater flash cameras suffer from back-scatter caused by the peat particles suspended in the loch.
Dr Rines' plans to bring trained dolphins to the loch was discontinued when one of them died in the New England Aquarium while being acclimatised. It had a weak heart apparently and the acclimatisation would not normally have caused any problems.
When asked whether she had seen the monster, one of Frank Searle's girl Fridays said, "The only monster I've seen around here is Frank Searle!"
The word strath refers to a more shallow, wider valley, often sculpted as much by its river as the ice.
Daylight at Loch Ness in the middle of June can extend from 3am to 11pm. In mid-winter it is 9.30am to 3.30pm!
You can drink the water from Loch Ness, but it is best mixed 50/50 with Whisky which hides the peaty taste and brown colour. If trying this please use cheap whisky. Don't waste the good stuff!
Retired Loch Ness coast guard, Gordon Menzies (pronounced Mingies), runs Castle Cruises. Tickets can be obtained from the Gallery in the village.
Project member, John Minshull, runs cruises aboard the Project boat Deepscan, which operates from the Official Loch Ness Centre.
The boat Nessie Hunter is run by George Edwards from the Original Loch Ness Monster Centre. On Sundays the skipper is often Dick Raynor of "The Raynor Film" fame.
Dan Taylor was building a new yellow submarine capable of 20 knots when he died.
At 20 knots visibility underwater in Loch Ness is one sixth of a second, but this did not deter Dan.
Loch Ness currently features in a Kit Kat commercial and a British Gas commercial!
The webmaster's house overlooks Loch Ness and is looking out the window as he is typing this. His tuch-tippin si knot bryliunt an shoulg bee escuzed theirefor!
Nicholas Witchell wrote the first edition of his book, Loch Ness Story, while living in a hut on the bend just north of Urquhart Castle. A pile of wood is all that remains of it.
Alistair Boyd and David Martin have just published "Nessie - The Surgeon's Photograph" which is a must for all people interested in the subject and can be purchased at the webmaster's shop.
Paul Harrison has just published the Encyclopaedia of Loch Ness. It's quite good, but will need some amendments when reprinted.
The webmaster is now an agent for some holiday cottages overlooking Loch Ness. Details in the Loch Ness Inquirer.
Mikko Takala no longer works for the Loch Ness Centre, but you would not know this from his LochNess.co.uk website which really is a disappointing collection of mainly rubbish.
Tim Dinsdale died in December 1987 aged 64. The camera he used for his famous film was borrowed from believer-turned-sceptic Burton.
Actor Ian Bannen was killed in a car crash at the Knockie junction on 3rd November 1999. He was a great friend of Fort Augustus Abbey and will be sadly missed. He was best known for his role as Dr Cameron in the Dr Finlay TV series.
Since the closure of Fort Augustus Abbey, Father Gregory Brusey, now 86, has been living at Ampleforth Abbey in Yorkshire. Update, he died in early 2002.
Contrary to the Loch Ness Encyclopaedia entry, Lawrence Lockhart's low budget Loch Ness Monster Research Exhibition, which was located close to Inverness Station in the early eighties, did not amalgamate with the Official Exhibition.
Ospreys are now regularly seen fishing at Loch Ness.
Loch Ness may have been open to the sea after the main part of the last ice age, but the loch would still have had a frozen surface and there was later a cataclysmic flood - see News page item 33.
Bruce Wynne organises fishing trips on Loch Ness for salmon and trout. Email Borlum Farm for details.
Steve Feltham still continues his lone vigil in a mobile home at Dores.
The main A82 along Loch Ness side has only been blocked by snow on one occasion in the past twenty-five years, although it has been blocked by fallen trees weighed down by snow on the odd occasion.
The monster in the pond at the Loch Ness Centre was towed by Scot II for the end of the Paul Daniels' Magic Show. It broke a flipper in the process, which had to be repaired at the Caley Cruisers boat yard.
Joe Zarzynski, of the Lake Champlain Investigation, ran the length of Loch Ness - 30 miles by the road!
Loch Ness never freezes.
The webmaster runs around Drumnadrochit several times each week (1.5 to 3 miles depending on the route).
Inverness Caledonian Thistle football club are now in the Scottish First Division and knocked Glasgow Celtic out of the Scottish Cup in the 1999/2000 season!
The fish farm in Loch Ness gets ever larger. There was a judicial review to try and get it stopped back in the eighties, but it failed. Most fish farms are located in sea lochs which are, at least, flushed out by the tide. The nutrients falling through the fish cages in Loch Ness just end up lying on the bottom. This changes the nutrient make-up and chemistry of the loch's water.
Monster author Nicholas Witchell is one of BBC's top news journalists.
Roy Mackal is one of the consultants for the cancelled Nessa Project.
Artist William Owen, who painted the plesiosaur in the Great Glen Exhibition, was a teacher at the Abbey School. He died in the mid-eighties. Tony Harmsworth and Ronnie Bremner purchased the Great Glen exhibition from him. Today it is the home of the Bothy Bite in Fort Augustus. You can see his painting here.
Inver means "confluence of" or "mouth of", hence Inverness, mouth of the Ness etc.
When the author was setting up the Official Loch Ness Exhibition during the spring of 1980, local plumber, Sandy White, now retired, said, "You don't think people will actually pay to see this stuff, do you?" The first day's takings were £80.80 when it opened on 3rd May 1980.
There were more press at the Operation Deepscan press conference than at the Gorbachev/Reagan summit in Iceland that same year.
Holiday, who saw the object seen by Inspector Cameron, but from the Northern shore, apparently said that it was yellow and looked like a boat according to some parties.
The Hydro-Electric scheme at Foyers generates power from the force of water coming down a tunnel from Loch Mhor during the day and pumps it back up at night during periods of low demand.
The Hydro-Electric company has the ability to raise and lower the surface of Loch Ness by many feet. This control is used to try to prevent flooding in Inverness.
In the early thirties a lady in Inverness saw something that looked like a crocodile with tusks swimming up the River Ness. That is one way a sturgeon could be described by someone who had never seen one before. The back does appear very reptilian in nature and the barbels are thick and obvious under the elongated snout. Interesting eh?
There's a hooped Loch Ness Monster near Cinderella's palace in Disney World, Florida.
Loch Ness is 23 miles long and 1 mile wide.
Boots own brand Repel-eze roll-on is effective against the Highland midge. Don't forget your ear-lobes!
Loch Ness comprises two deep basins separated by the build up of sediment from the River Foyers half way down the south side of the loch.
The deep basins are almost 730 feet deep and flat bottomed.
The deepest spot is about 754 feet in the deep basin just southwest of Urquhart Castle
The sediment in Loch Ness is deposited at the rate of about 1mm per year, although it does not appear as an even rate in the cores. This is because the deeper sediments have been compressed over thousands of years and, in years of heavy floods, the layers are thicker.
There are two radioactive fall-out layers in the sediments of Loch Ness. One was caused by the Chernobyl accident. What was the other caused by .... find out elsewhere on the site? Clue: it was not as radioactive, but could be detected over a greater depth of sediments!
The Nessie Hunt board game was launched at Urquhart Castle in 1986.
The hills alongside Loch Ness are about 750 feet high on average although there is a local peak called Meallfourvonie which reaches 2,300 feet.
The surface of Loch Ness is 51 feet (average) above sea level, but varies depending on both rainfall and the amount of water released by hydro electric schemes.
Frank Searle, who lived at Foyers between 1969 and 1985 faked dozens of pictures of the monster.
In the seventies Adrian Shine built a submersible called "Machan", the Indian word for hide. It was three feet, one metre, in diameter and was used at a depth of about fifty feet in Loch Morar, allowing Shine to look upwards. Anything swimming overhead would have been silhouetted against the surface brightness allowing clearer identification. Nothing was seen and the idea was abandoned in favour of remote operated underwater video.
Loch Lomond has the greatest surface area of any Scottish loch.
Loch Awe is the longest loch in Scotland.
Loch Morar is the deepest loch in Scotland.
Loch Ness contains the greatest volume of water of any loch in Scotland and also contains more water than in all of the lakes and rivers of England and Wales put together!
The water of the loch is the colour of very weak tea and this is caused by peat staining. The water is made murkier by the suspension of peat particles also.
The deep water is 42oF (5oC).
Several people have swum the length of Loch Ness.
The three arctic char caught by the Loch Ness Project in 1982 at a depth of 730 feet, are the deepest fish ever caught in British freshwater.
Loch Ness is on a side-slip fault, not a rift fault as is often erroneously quoted. The fault is still active.
Loch Ness is one of four lochs in the Great Glen. From the northwest the lochs are Loch Ness, Loch Oich, Loch Lochy and Loch Linnhe. The latter is a sea loch.
Loch Ness is connected to the sea by the Caledonian Canal and the River Ness.
The monastery at Fort Augustus Abbey was closed down by Prior Francis Davidson at the end of 1998 ending over 120 years of the monks' history at Fort Augustus. Many consider the decision was hasty and ill-conceived. Nearly thirty people were put out of work and the famous Heritage Centre was closed down.
The village of Drumnadrochit has two monster exhibitions.
The A82 motor road along the northern shore of Loch Ness was constructed in 1933. Prior to that the easiest way for the people around the loch to get to Inverness was by ferry. There were jetties at regular intervals along the loch and the ruins of many of them can still be seen today.
The original Loch Ness Bureau was located at Achnahannet about three miles west of Urquhart Castle.
The forests around Loch Ness used to comprise oak, ash, mountain ash or rowan, hazel, silver birch and Scots' pine. Most of the oak was cut down for building and construction of the Caledonian Canal in the early 19th century and few trees remain. Today man-made pine forests cover 40% of the slopes around the loch.
There can be 20 hours of daylight each day in June.
Rainfall increases by one inch per mile as you travel west from Inverness.
Loch Ness is fresh acidic water.
John Cobb was killed on Loch Ness while attempting to break the world water speed record. Some said he hit the monster on his second run, but, in fact it was his own reflected wake from the first run. There is a monument to him at Lower Lenie and the measured mile posts can still be seen on the shore over forty years later.
600,000,000 years ago Loch Ness was in the southern hemisphere.
The first exhibition at Loch Ness about the monster was at the Loch Ness Bureau HQ at Achnahannet.
The second exhibition was at Foyers, Frank Searle's exhibition of fakes.
The third exhibition was part of the Great Glen Exhibition at Fort Augustus, which later had a section by the Loch Ness Project.
The fourth exhibition was at the old Drumnadrochit Hotel. Mine.
The fifth exhibition was above the Kiltmaker in Huntly Street, Inverness. Also mine.
The sixth exhibition was at the Loch Ness Lodge Hotel in Drumnadrochit.
The seventh exhibiton was the Loch Ness Monster Research Exhibition in Inverness
The eighth exhibition was the Loch Ness Story Diorama at Fort Augustus Abbey. Mine again
Only two of the above still exist ... the Official Loch Ness Monster Exhibition at Drumnadrochit. This was called "official" because it is the home of the Loch Ness Project and Bureau archives on the subject and financially supports the Loch Ness Project, the only Loch Ness research group currently active. The second ... the Original Loch Ness Visitor Centre was thought to be only "original" because it is "different", but an involved party now says that this term was adopted because it used to have pictures of the research on its walls back in the days before the "official" exhibition. Its leaflet proclaims that it is sponsored by the Loch Ness Investigation. The only way to support these claims is by playing on words. The casual observer would expect the "Original Exhibition" to have been the first exhibition and the LNI HQ at Achnahannet actually was the first. The same casual observer may expect "sponsored by the Loch Ness Investigation" to mean that the active research investigation approved of it or that it was financing the active research investigation ... neither is the case except by stretching the meaning of the words beyond reasonable credibility. I would add that the word "official" at the Official Exhibition implies government run or supported and that is not the case except through government grants etc. However, it does have a working relationship and does provide money to the Loch Ness Project who are still active on a regular basis. The debate over the two names is unlikely to be resolved in the near future. Visitors should look at both and make their own minds up about content. The dispute between the two exhibitions is long-standing. The "official" exhibition genuinely tries to present the truth and the facts in an educational and factual way. It is professionally staged and excellent. The "original" is really just good fun and contains nothing else of much interest. Frank Searle's pictures are presented as if genuine. Tourists have no way of knowing which to go to, which is very sad. If you've read this then take it from us that the only one worth seeing from the factual viewpoint is the so-called "official exhibition", but if you have the time then don't miss the other one too. As the founder of the Official exhibition, before it was called that, I admit a conflict of interest. Will anyone who believes that one is better than the other please email me at Tony(at)Harmsworth.net [change (at) to @] and I'll collate the results. I will expect the reasoning behind your choice to be provided. This item has been amended after a complaint from a reader. Complaints are always welcome and will result in changes if we think it will improve the end result.
Cherry Island is the only island in Loch Ness. In fact it is a crannog.
There is no road from Foyers along the shore to Fort Augustus. The road follows an inland route which is well worth seeing for its scenery. Try to go right round the loch if you have the time. The whole journey is terrific.
There is meant to be a monster in Loch Lochy called Lizzy.
There is meant to be a monster in Loch Morar called Morag.
There is meant to be a monster in Loch Shiel called Shielagh.
There is meant to be a monster in Loch Arkaig.
There is meant to be a monster in Loch Lomond.
There is meant to be a monster in Lake Champlain called Champ.
There is meant to be a monster in Lake Baikal.
There is meant to be a monster in Lake Tahoe.
There is meant to be a monster in Lake Okanagan called Ogopogo.
There is meant to be a monster in Lake Wallowa. Lake Wallowa's monster is called "Wally" ... maybe that's a reference to the rest of us!?
There is meant to be a monster in Count Alacard's castle!
Not all of these places will have monsters. Most, perhaps all, don't have!
The Loch Ness Project has discovered and named a new species of nematode worm in Loch Ness.
Later Project Urquhart found, named and claimed the same species for itself.
Mrs Mackay had the first sighting of modern times in 1933 although there was a sighting of a big fish in 1868.
Father Gregory Brusey had the most famous sighting of all time from the monastery at Fort Augustus.
The flipper pictures were faked by someone. The Academy say this may have been a magazine editor. See "Underwater Photography".
Dick Raynor was the diver who found the tree stump which Dr Rines had photographed in 1975 and Sir Peter Scott was misled into describing as the head of the Loch Ness monster. See "Underwater Photography". The stump is now exhibited in the Loch Ness exhibition.
The prevailing wind at Loch Ness is from the southwest.
The steep sided slopes around Loch Ness mean that very few nutrients are washed into the loch making it an unproductive loch.
Loch is the Scottish word for lake and it is considered extremely rude and disrespectful to use the word lake instead of loch unless it is absolutely essential. i.e. Loch Ness is the largest Lake in Britain is quite acceptable. To say "What sort of world is a lake?", in reference to a loch, is unnecessary as it is equally valid, scientifically to say "What sort of world is a loch?" once you have previously established that it is Britain's largest body of freshwater.
While people always say "loch" when talking about lochs, they do not say bens when talking about the mountains. The word "glen", however, is, similarly, the Scottish word for valley. To say the Urquhart valley would not only be disrespectful to the Scottish people, it would also be ludicrous. The sloping walled geological feature which runs from Urquhart Bay towards the northwest is Glenurquhart. It is, and will always be, a glen, not a valley. Similarly Loch Ness will always be a loch and not a lake.
Loch Ness never freezes, but a very thin layer of ice is occasionally, but very rarely, seen in the shallowest areas such as the outflow shallows near the River Coilte.
The first organised expedition was that of Sir Edward Mountain in 1934. Unfortunately it was rather naive of them to offer unemployed people payment for each monster picture they obtained. The results were not unexpected.
The horseshoe scree is an area of loose rubble and stone in the shape of a horseshoe opposite the Loch Ness Caravan Park just southwest of Invermoriston.
The great Lisbon earthquake in the eighteenth century was so violent that huge waves crashed south westwards along the loch almost washing away the brewery at Fort Augustus .... serious that!!
Gaseous decomposition only occurs in the shallow areas of the loch such as Fort Augustus and Urquhart Bay (fringes).
Large numbers of migratory salmon pass through Loch Ness to their breeding grounds although these are far fewer in number than they used to be.
The eels in Loch Ness travel even further to breed ... all the way to the Sargasso Sea.
There are brown trout and a range of course fish in Loch Ness, too.
There is at least one monster which can be proven to be in Loch Ness. In 1969 a model monster was used for the film "The Private Life Of Sherlock Holmes" and it sank while being towed by the submarine Pisces.
The Paul Daniels' Magic Show lost a monster neck when performing a trick in the loch in the late eighties.
Scot II, with its icebreaker bow, was the cause of many monster sightings as it caused wonderfully sinuous waves which people mistook for the monster, sometimes more than twenty minutes after the vessel had disappeared from view. Interestingly it started operating on the loch just before the monster sightings started occurring! This has recently been called to question as Scot II may not have arrived until 1937. We will check this out and report back here ... don't hold your breath though!
Burn is the word for a stream or small river.
Some people have claimed that the loch contains albino wide-bodied eels with manes. None have ever been caught for scientific investigation.
St Columba is supposed to have encountered the monster in 565AD ... twice! See eye-witnesses.
Tim Dinsdale's film of the monster was discovered to be a boat. Tony Harmsworth, Ricky Gardner and Adrian Shine did not speak publicly about it until after Tim's death, then the media did not want to know! Tim had just made an honest mistake which only showed up when viewing the film on video with enhanced contrast. We will show stills and, perhaps, a movie sequence under "Films/Video" as soon as possible (comment dated 2nd March 2001).
The Shiels' picture is known, "in the trade", as the Muppet picture. I wonder why.
The word loch means lake or fjord. Loch Ness is enclosed by land, Loch Linnhe is open to the sea.
There are 40 rivers and burns (streams) running into Loch Ness. Most of them very small.
If you are fed up with reading rubbish about Loch Ness on other sites tell your friends about this one.
Loch Ness is at the same latitude as Hudson Bay.
If Loch Ness is 16m (51 feet) above sea level, how could there possibly be tunnels connecting it to the sea?
The average temperature is about 5oC (42oF).
The woodland on the northern side of Loch Ness between Lochend and the Clansman Hotel is almost as natural as it may have appeared thousands of years ago.
Birch is the most common tree on Loch Ness side. It was also the first tree to arrive after the last ice age and its pollen has been found in the sediments just above the glacial clays.
Bairn means child.
Croft means a small-holding or a household living off the land.
Dubh means black.
Rip Hepple has been making expeditions to the loch for over 30 years.
The Yellow Submarine, Viperfish, was skippered at Loch Ness, by Dan Taylor in 1969.
The name "Operation Deepscan" was coined by Bob Kass.
Operation Deepscan was the biggest and most intensive expedition ever staged at Loch Ness. Three unidentified sonar contacts were obtained.