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LOCH NESS SONAR CONTACTS


This section of the site, as is true with most of it, is incomplete. I intend to continue to add details of other sonar evidence when time permits.

1. 1960 Peter Baker's Sonar Results

2. 1961 Birmingham University's Sonar Results

3. 1962 Cambridge University Sonar Results

4. 1962 - 1972 The Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau Sonar Results

5. 1972 - Present The Academy of Applied Science Sonar Results

6. 1974 - Present The Loch Ness Project Sonar Results

7. Roger Parker's and the Iscan Projects Work


1. Peter Baker's Sonar Results


Awaiting upload.


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2. 1961 Birmingham University's Sonar Results


Awaiting upload.


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3. 1962 Cambridge University Sonar Results


Awaiting upload.


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4. 1962 - 1972 The Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau Sonar Results


Awaiting upload.


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5. 1972 - Present The Academy of Applied Science Sonar Results


When Dr Rines involved his Academy of Applied Science in the search at Loch Ness, there was great hope that the introduction of American technology would usher in a new era of Loch Ness research. Rines brought a new optimism to the search, a new enthusiasm to the search and a new attitude to the search.

When the late Carol Rines arrived for her first stay at Tychat above Urquhart Bay, the taxi driver stopped as they turned up the Tychat road and, according to Carol, pointed out that the Loch Ness Monster was making its way across the bay. Carol, impatient to get to the house said to the driver, "Oh, we'll be seeing it regularly so don't stop now, I want to get unpacked!"

So started the unbelievable saga of the Rines years. Another sighting was in the company of the Cary's from Strone, above Urquhart Castle. According to Dr Rines, he, his wife, Carol, plus Heather and Winifred Cary watched a back, "like that of an elephant" crossing Urquhart Bay. Interestingly even Mrs Cary, who regularly sees the monster herself, later said that the sighting could have been "anything". These amazing Americans, however, had sighting after sighting with their eyes, their sonars and their underwater cameras, but it now seems most unlikely that any of these "close encounters" had anything to do with Nessie as will become clear in the material shown on this site.

Let's have a look at the Academy's sonar results, because it is the failings here which expose the whole can of worms of the Academy's work at the loch.


 

Where to start with the Academy's sonar is the most difficult decision.

To sum up, the experiment which created the 1972 sonar chart was badly recorded, badly documented and then badly written up. The latter resulted in other scientists making unjustifiable statements about the chart which were then to be used to reinforce the chart as a credible piece of scientific data.

It all happened so long ago that it would now be difficult to ask these scientists to remember how the chart was presented to them. Were leading statements made like "We would like your opinion of a sonar trace which shows what we think are large animals in Loch Ness." or "We've shown this chart to a number of experts and we want to know if you agree that it shows large animals in Loch Ness."? This is exactly the technique used to "sell" something implausible to someone susceptible. Exactly how a lawyer would defend a client in front of a jury. Coincidence, isn't it, that Dr Rines is a very accomplished lawyer.

The chart itself can be dismissed as evidence because the sonar transducer was certainly swinging around and possibly tilting up and down. The trace could be showing any number of phenomena, but the most likely are that we are seeing the camera rig itself, the waves on the surface, the underside of the boat above the cameras or the loch bed. There is no reason to believe that animals were involved at all. Work on sonar phenomena by the Loch Ness and Morar Project in the eighties showed that the distinctive parallel wavy lines seen in the chart are characteristic of surface wave effects caused by boat wakes ... obvious when you think about it.

Dr Rines, however, sucked along by a wave of euphoria, did not think about the logical causes of the sonar trace, because he wanted to see monsters. Over a number of years he repeated the parallel wavy line traces and this led him to conclude that the wavy lines are the sonar characteristics of the Loch Ness Monsters! In fact, Dr Rines is quoted in Meredith's Search At Loch Ness as observing that these sonar signatures also occur when boats are passing, but he seemed incapable of taking the next step and drawing the obvious conclusion.

Quote from Meredith on the 1976 expedition, parallel wavy line sonar contact : "'Tell them the sonar blip had the same dimensional extent in 1972', Lothrop said excitedly. 'Tell them it had the same type of multiple trace echo, and the same type of approach to the camera from behind.'

"Several of us were certain the trace that had excited us had been just a wake from McGowan's boat, but the evidence was slow to sink in with some of the expedition members. The excitement had been so invigorating, the hopes so high, that it took them time to come down, especially for Rines. For him, the contact had been so right. At the right time, with the right witnesses, and the right characteristics. He let the doubts about the contact sink in, but very slowly. Predictably, the 1976 underwater pictures of the event showed nothing.

Whenever there has been an attempt to challenge him, he says that he is only repeating what experts like Skitzki, Eide and Klein have already said and they are surely far more qualified than the likes of myself, whom he calls "a milk delivery man", because I once delivered milk for a few months shortly after I left my executive position with British American in 1978 to relocate in the Highlands.

This is the ultimate put down, of course. The truth, however, is that the Academy have given experts misleading data, inaccurate diagrams and, just possibly, leading statements too. This causes them to make foolish statements which have conceivably been quoted out of context. (i.e. what do all of the full stops mean in Dyers' comments above? Did he say, perhaps, "If the sonar is truly stationary then the target projections may not be boat wakes. They are 5 feet or more apart., but it would be most unscientific, based on this data, to deduce that they are part of an animal." This would not be at all damning upon Dyer, but, of course, it would not warrant inclusion with the chart, would it?)

We have two vital facts here which cannot be ignored :-

  1. The experts' comments are completely irrelevant because the diagram is inaccurate. Garbage in, garbage out.
  2. The sonar trace cannot be presented as evidence because the equipment was not stationary, the experiment was not properly documented and similar traces can be duplicated by boat wakes.

The upshot is that the 1972 sonar trace has nothing to do with Loch Ness Monsters other than to increase the hype surrounding them.

Academy expeditions obtained other sonar contacts. Two traces in deep water from a Klein side-scan sonar are interesting and we must reserve judgement for now, but other traces can all be put down to side echoes (to be dealt with under the Loch Ness Project) or wave effects.

trench2.jpg - 4 KHowever, one other Academy trace obtained by Dr Rines really does deserve a mention. It is important to remember that Dr Rines was honoured by President Carter for inventions in the field of sonar. He should know what he is talking about then. So how did he interpret side echoes in this final trace as being evidence that the walls of the Great Glen extend thousands of feet into the silt? Firstly, the appearance of the apparent extension of side walls into the silt is a well known side-echo effect when using echo sounders with a long range, and secondly the sonar used was of far, far, too high a frequency to penetrate the silt. Only very low frequency sonars can penetrate the bottom of Loch Ness and, even then, only so far to a maximum depth of about 15 to 20 metres. Dr Rines really should have known all of this or he should have found out BEFORE allowing such absolute garbage to enter the public domain. This whole sorry affair truly demonstrates the PSEUDO-SCIENCE of the Academy at its ridiculous best.

I would encourage the reader, however, by saying that I am not a disbeliever in the monster, only in the monster commonly portrayed. I suggest you look at the "Underwater Photography" section now for further disappointments.


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6. 1974 - Present The Loch Ness Project Sonar Results


Awaiting upload.


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7. Roger Parker's and the Iscan Projects Work


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